Reading In-class Ex3.and Key


Inspite of “endless talk of difference,” American society is an amazing machinefor homogenizing people. 21There is “the democratizing uniformity of dress and discourse, and the casualness and absence ofdeference” characteristic of popular culture. People are absorbed into “aculture of consumption” launched by the 19th-century department stores thatoffered “vast arrays of goods in an elegant atmosphere. Instead of intimateshops catering to a knowledgeable elite,” these were stores “anyone couldenter, regardless of class or background. 22This turned shopping into a public and democraticact.” The mass media, advertising and sports are other forces forhomogenization.

23Immigrants arequickly fitting into this common culture, which may not be altogether elevatingbut is hardly poisonous. Writing for the National Immigration Forum, GregoryRodriguez reports that today’s immigration is neither at unprecedented levels norresistant to assimilation. In 1998 immigrants were 9.8 percent ofpopulation; in 1900, 13.6 percent. In the 10 years prior to 1990, 3.1immigrants arrived for every 1,000 residents; in the 10 years prior to 1890,9.2 for every 1,000. Now, consider three indices of assimilation -- language,home ownership and intermarriage.

The1990 Census revealed that “a majority of immigrants from each of the fifteenmost common countries of origin spoke English ‘well’ or ‘very well’ after tenyears of residence.” The children of immigrants tend to be bilingual andproficient in English. “By the third generation, the original language is lostin the majority of immigrant families.” Hence the description of America as a“graveyard” for languages. By 1996 foreign-born immigrants who had arrivedbefore 1970 had a home ownership rate of 75.6 percent, higher than the 69.8percent rate among native-born Americans.

Foreign-bornAsians and Hispanics “have higher rates of intermarriage than do U.S.-bornwhites and blacks.” By the third generation, one third of Hispanic women aremarried to non-Hispanics, and 41 percent of Asian-American women are married tonon-Asians.

24Rodriguez notesthat children in remote villages around the world are fans of superstars likeArnold Schwarzenegger and Garth Brooks, yet “some Americans fear thatimmigrants living within the United States remain somehow immune to the nation’s assimilative power.”

Arethere divisive issues and pockets of seething anger in America? Indeed. It isbig enough to have a bit of everything. But particularly when viewed againstAmerica’s turbulent past, today’s social indices hardly suggest a dark anddeteriorating social environment.

21.   Theword “homogenizing” (Line 2, Paragraph 1) most probably means

[A] identifying

[B] associating

[C] assimilating

[D] monopolizing

22.   Accordingto the author, the department stores of the 19thcentury

[A] played a role in the spread of popular culture

[B] becameintimate shops for common consumers

[C] satisfiedthe needs of a knowledgeable elite

[D] owed itsemergence to the culture of consumption

23.   Thetext suggests that immigrants now in the U.S.

[A] are resistantto homogenization

[B] exert agreat influence on American culture

[C] are hardly a threat to the common culture

[D] constitutethe majority of the population

24.   Whyare Arnold Schwarzenegger and Garth Brooks mentioned in Paragraph 5?

[A] To provetheir popularity around the world.

[B] To revealthe public’s fear of immigrants.

[C] To giveexamples of successful immigrants.

[D] To show the powerful influence of American culture.

25.   Inthe author’s opinion, the absorption of immigrants into American society is

[A] rewarding

[B] successful

[C] fruitless

[D] harmful



homogenize:/ hə'mɔdʒənaiz  vt.  cause to become equal or homogeneousas by mixing均质化,使(某物)成分均匀

【形】homogeneous  a. 由同类部分组成的  【名】 homogeneity  n.  同种,同质

【构词】词头:homo- 同、相同  homophone  n. 同音异形词; homosexual  a. 同性恋的


democratize:/ di'mɔkrətaiz/vt.  become (more) democratic; of nations 使民主化

【例】democratizethe administration of an organization 使一组织的管理民主化

【名】democracy  n.  民主、民主政治,民主制度;democrat  n. 民主主义者;(Democrat指美国民主党党员或其拥护者)  democratization  n. 民主化

【形】democratic  a. 民主的,民主政治的;民主作风的,平等的


discourse:[ dis'kɔ:s, 'diskɔ:s ]   n. lengthy orserious treatment of a subject in speech or writing 论文、演讲   vi. talkpreach or lectureabout sthusu at length)(通常长篇大论的)论说、宣扬或讲授某事物

【例】Thespeaker discoursed knowledgeably on a variety of subjects 演讲者头头是道的论述了一系列问题。


intimate:[ 'intimit ]  a. havingor being a very closely or friendly relationship 亲密的,私人的,秘密的;private and personal 私人的,个人的;

vt  make sthknown to sb exp discreetly or indirectly 将某事透露给某人,(尤其指谨慎的或间接的)暗示、示意

【例】She hasintimated to us that she no longer wishes to be considered for the post  她已向我们透露希望不再考虑让她担任该职。

【习】be/get onintimate terms with sb (渐渐)熟悉某人并关系密切

【名】intimation  n.  示意、暗示


cater:[ 'keitə ]   v. providefood or servicesesp. at socialfunctions 备办食物或服务(尤其指社交方面);投合,迎合

【用法】for sb/sth 由某人/某事物提供、迎合(即主语必须是被用来迎合sb/sth的那个东西)

         to sth 满足某种需要或要求(即主语必须是发起迎合动作的主体)

【例】TV mustcater for many different tastes  电视节目必须迎合各种人的爱好。

  Newspaperscatering to people’s love of scandal 迎合人们爱看丑闻消息的报纸

【名】catering  n. 承办酒席(的行为或行业)  caterer n. 承办酒席的人


elevate:[ 'eliveit ]   v. lift upraiseto a higher place or rank 举起,提拔 make the mind or morals better or moreeducated 使思想或道德更好,更有修养

【例】 He hasbeen elevated to the peerage 他已升为贵族      The teacher hoped to elevate the minds ofher young pupils by reading them religious stories. 教师希望给小学生读宗教故事来提高他们的修养.

【形】elevated  a. 好的,高尚的         elevating  a. 提高思想道德的,引人向上的

【名】elevation  n. 提高、被提高,高度(尤指海拔),建筑物正视图


unprecedented:[ ʌn'presidəntid ]   a. 空前的

【例】Scienceand technology have come to pervade every aspect of our lives and, as a result,society is changing at a speed which is quite unprecedented. 科学和技术已经开始渗透了我们生活的各个领域;结果,社会正以空前的速度改变着


resistant: [ri'zistənt]   a. relatingto or conferring immunity (to disease or infection)抵抗的,反抗的

【例】This newtype of infection is resistant to antibiotics. 这种新的传染病对抗菌素有抗药性。

【名】resistance  n. 抵抗,对抗



Immigrants are quickly fitting into thiscommon culture, which may not be altogether elevating but is hardly poisonous.




Rodriguez not that children in remotevillages around world are fans of superstars like Amold Schwarzenegger andGarth Brooks, yet “some Americans fear that immigrant living within the UnitedStates remain somehow immune to the nation’s assimilative power.”


翻译:罗得里格斯岛那些在世界各地偏僻村庄的的孩子们也许并非都是诸如Amold Schwarzenegger GarthBrooks等明星的星迷,然而一些美国人害怕住在美国的移民或多或少的对这个国家的同化力量保持免疫。



参考答案:Chomogenizinghomogenize的动名词形式,本意是:vi.均质化vt.使均匀。即同一化。在第一段可以看出,文章是说明美国社会的民主化和其巨大的亲和力,因此在American society is an amazing machine forhomogenizing people这句话中,将homogenizing翻译成吸引,吸收最贴切。然后观察四个选项,A选项是identifying,意思是:识别, 鉴别, ......看成一样。与文章没有联系,排除。B选项associating是比较强的干扰项,其意思是:vt.使发生联系, 使联合vi.交往, 结交。如果能引申为团结的意思的话,与文章倒是有点关系,但是根据最优选项的原则,此选项也不能入选。C选项assimilateing是吸收的意思,最符合原文的观点,即吸收以融为一体的意思。因此C选项入选。D选项monopolizing的意思是独占,垄断的意思,与原文没有联系,排除。



参考答案:A。该题目定位到第一段的这几句话:launchedby the 19th century department stores that offered vast arrays ofgoods in an elegant atmosphere. Instead of intimate shops catering to aknowledgeable elite. these were stores anyone could enter,regardless of class or background. This turned shopping into a public anddemocratic act.”大体意思是说,商店不再只是属于那些有见识的精英们了,而成为一种任何人都可以进入,不管你的社会地位或背景的地方。最重要的是最后一句,说商店使购物成为一种公众的,民主的活动。因此,商店在普及文化中扮演着重要的角色。此中的文化也可以具体到消费文化。联系A选项:商店在普及通俗文化中发挥着作用。因此A入选。B选项属于比较强的干扰项,主要是intimate这个词的用法不够理解。intimate的意思是adj.亲密的, 隐私的vt.宣布, 明白表示。在文章的意思应该是私人的意思。由原句Insteadof intimate shops catering to a knowledgeable elite可以得出,intimate是为...所私有的意思。因此B选项应该翻译为:变成了普通消费者的私有商店。因此排除该选项。C选项意思是:满足了知识渊博的社会精英们的需要。这与原文正好相反,注意instead这个词。因此C选项排除。D选项意思是:其出现归功于消费文化。恰恰相反,应该是普及的消费文化归功于这种商店的出现。因此D选项排除。



参考答案:C。该题目首先能定位到第二段的首句:Immigrantsare quickly fitting into this common culture, which may not be altogetherelevating but is hardly poisonous.意思是说移民迅速融入了这种通俗文化,虽然不至于能够促进这种文化,但是决不至于有害。因此联系C选项:对通俗文化基本构不成威胁,入选。再看A选项,意思是移民对同一化的抗拒。由上面这句原文可以轻松排除这个选项。B选项的意思是移民对美国文化产生了巨大影响。同样还是那句原文,可看出移民不至于能够促进这种文化,也不至于毒害这种文化,因此可以得出结论,即移民对文化的影响不大。因此排除B选项。最后看D选项,意思是组成了人口的大多数。即使从常识角度来看,这也肯定不对。哪怕像新西兰之类的高移民率国家,也不至于让移民们反客为主了。而且原文也可看出,只是不到五分之一而已。因此D选项排除。



参考答案:D。定位到题目所说的第五段:Rodrigueznot that children in remote villages around world are fans of superstars likeAmold Schwarzenegger and Garth Brooks, yet some Americans fearthat immigrant living within the United States remain somehow immune to thenations assimilative power.”大体意思是说即使偏远地区的孩子们也是美国明星的追随者,然而却有美国人害怕自己国家的吸引力对移民者不起作用。显然后半句用的是反语,可以说是批评那些美国人的。因此作者的意思是说美国的吸引力非常大。再联系全文的中心思想:美国是个有巨大吸引力和融合力的大熔炉。因此D选项:表现了美国文化的巨大影响力。入选。再看A选项:证明了他们在全世界的知名度。这个选项显然是表面的,并没有深入到作者的本意中去。因此排除。然后是B选项:揭露了公众对移民的害怕。首先,文章只是说有些美国人,而没有达到公众这么大的范围。而且,作者的用意更不是说公众对移民的害怕,而是借此说明美国的巨大融合力。因此B选项排除。最后是C选项,意思是列举了成功移民者的例子。这个和B选项属于相同的干扰项,都不是作者的本意。即使你知识渊博,知道史瓦辛格是移民,但是也不能以偏概全。因此同样不能入选。



参考答案:B。文章的中心思想就是说美国是个有巨大融合力的大熔炉,当然对于吸收移民者来讲也是很成功的了。A选项意思是有益的,有好处的。文章并没有说吸收移民是有益的,而只是说美国在吸收移民方面做的很成功。因此该选项属于偷换概念,不能入选。这个选项也有较大争议。C选项意思是没有结果的,显然可以排除。D选项意思是有害的,属于很有争议的选项。因为文章最后一段明显看出作者对美国现在的社会非常不满,并用了黑暗,恶化之类的词。如果硬是把这种现象归因于吸收移民的话,D选项就是正确的了。但是我个人觉得既然原文中没有根据,那么只有从常理角度推断,美国之所以出现如今的这种混乱的社会现象,最大的原因还是因为其经济发展过度迅速以导致其他方面的进步速度跟不上,从而发生了物质文明与精神文明脱节的现象,自然会导致社会环境恶化。如果用马克思主义理论讲的话,就是资本主义社会的基本矛盾,即生产力和消费水平的脱节…所以和移民之类的问题并没多大关系。而且还有比较关键的一点,就是文章第一段已经说过了which may not be altogether elevating but is hardlypoisonous,因此可看出移民问题没有害。虽然扯的远了,不过既然这道题很有争议,还是希望大家能以最后的标准答案为准,我的个人意见仅供参考。




尽管这种文化一点也不高雅,但也不是完全有害的,移民们很快就融入了这种共同文化。Gregory Rodriguez为美国移民研讨会撰文指出,今天的移民既不是处于空前的水平,也不抵制同化。在1998年,移民占全国人口的9.8%;在1900年为13.6%。在1990年以前的十年之中,在每千位居民当中,有3.1位新来的移民;而在1890年以前的十年之中,每千位居民当中就有9.2位移民。现在,让我们来看一下三个同化指标——语言、拥有产权住房和异族结婚情况。