Reading In-class Ex1.and Key

Not long after the telephone was invented,I assume, a call was placed. The caller was a parent saying, “your child isbullying my child, and I want it stopped!” The bully's parent replied, “you must have the wrong number. My child is alittle angel.”

A trillion phone calls later, theconversation is the same. When children are teased or tyrannized, the parentalimpulse is to grab the phone and rant. But these days, as studies in the bullying on the rise and parental supervision on the decline, researcherswho study bullying say that calling moms and dads is more futile than ever.Such calls often lead to playground recriminations and don't  really teach our kids any lessons about howto navigate the world and resolve conflicts.

When you call parents, you want them to extract the cruelty from theirbullying children, says Laura Kavesh, a child psychologist in Evanston,Illinois. But many parents areblown away by the idea of their child being cruel. They wontbelieve it. In a recent policedepartmentsurvey in Oak Harbor, Washington, 89% of local high school students said theyhad engaged in bullying behavior. Yet only 18% of parents thought theirchildren would act as bullies.

In a new U.S.PTA survey, 5% of parentssupport contacting other parents to deal with bullying. But many educators warnthat those conversations can be misinterpreted, causing tempers to flare.Instead, they say, parents should get objective outsiders, like principals, tomediate.

Meanwhile, if you get a call from a parentwho is angry about your child's bullying, listen without getting defensive.That's what Laura McHugh of Castro Valley, California, did when a caller toldher that her then 13-year-old son had spit in another boy's food.Her son hadconfessed, but the victim's mom “wanted to make sure my son hadn't given herson a nasty disease,” says McHugh, who apologized and promised to get her sontested for AIDS and other diseases. She knew the chance of contracting anydisease this way was remote, but her promise calmed the mother and showedMcHugh's son that his bad behaviour was being taken seriously. McHugh, founderof  Parents Coach Kids, a group thatteaches parenting skills, sent the mom the test results. All were negative.

Remember: once you make a call, you mightnot like what you hear. If you have an itchy dialing finger, resist temptation.Put it in your pocket. 419 words

1.The word “bullying” probably means______.

A frightening and hurting      B teasing

C behaving like a tyrant        D laughing at

2. Calling to a bully's parent.______.

Ahas long existed but changed its content            Bis often done withcareful thinking

Coften leads to blaming and misunderstanding Dis used to warn thechild not to do it again

3. According to the surveys in the U.S.,_______.

A bullying among adults is also rising

B parents are not supervising their children well

C parents seldom believe bullies

D most parents resort to calling to deal with bullying

4. When bullying occurs, parentsshould_______.

A help the bulling child get rid of cruelty           B resort to the mediator

C avoid getting too protective                     D resist the temptationof calling

5.Laura McHugh promised to get the bulliedboy tested for diseases because________.

A her son confessed to being wrong                    B she was afraid toannoy the boy's parent

Che was likely to be affected by these diseasesDshe wanted to teach herown son a lesson


blow away * to completely surprise sb., to affect intensely; overwhelm使大为惊讶;强烈影响,征服例:That concert blew me away.音乐会震撼了我。 to defeat sb. completely, esp. in a game (尤指在比赛中)彻底战胜 例:Nancy blew away the rest of the skaters.南希战胜了其他的滑冰运动员。

bully n. C恃强凌弱者;流氓,暴徒

vt. to threaten to hurt or frighten sb. weaker 欺侮例:He was bullied by the older boys at school. 他在学校里受到大孩子的欺负。 to use your strength or power to make sb. dosht.  恐吓, 胁迫 例: The manager tried to bully his men into working harder bythreatening them with dismissal. 经理企图以解雇相威胁, 迫使职工更卖力气。

Contract n..C契约;合同

vi. to become smaller or narrower缩小;收缩例:Metal contracts as it becomes cool. 金属冷却时收缩。

*vt. to begin to have an illness患(病)例:He contracted pneumonia.他得了肺炎。

flare vi. (也作flare up)① to suddenly begin to burn, or to burn more brightly for a shorttime 突然燃烧起来;(短暂地)烧旺 例:The match flared in the darkness.火柴在黑暗中突然着了一小会儿。 *②(感情等)突然爆发 例:Violence has flared up again in the Middle East. 中东又突然爆发了暴力事件。(疾病)突然加剧 例:My asthma tends to flare up on smoggy days. 在烟雾天我的气喘往往会加剧。

n. C 闪光,瞬时的明亮火焰 信号灯(弹)

resolve vt. * to find a satisfactoryway of dealing with a problem or difficulty解决 例:There werent enough beds, but the matter was resolved byGeorge sleeping on the sofa.床不够用,但乔治睡到沙发上问题就解决了。 to make a definite decision to do sth.(某人)决心,决定例:After the divorce she resolved never tomarry again.离婚以后,她下决心永不再嫁。 ③(委员会、会议等通过投票)作出决议,表决例:The Senate resolved to accept thePresident's budget proposals by 70 votes to 30.参议院以70票对30票通过决议,同意总统的预算草案。

vi. 下决心,决定 例:He resolved on/against (making) an early start. 他决定(不)早出发.


itchy a. 使人发痒的

mediate *v. 斡旋,调停 a. 居中的,间接的

rant n./v. 怒吼,咆哮,大声抱怨

recrimination n. *反诘,互相指责 反控告

tyrannize vt. 对……施行暴政 *②专横地对待


1That's what Laura McHugh of Castro Valley, California, did when acaller told her that her then 13 year-old son had spit in another boy's food.

该句主干是That's what...。在what引导的表语从句中,其主干成分为LauraMcHugh didof Castro Valley,California是一个介词短语,做后置定语,修饰主语LauraMcHugh; when引导的时间状语从句修饰谓语did

2She knew the chance of contracting any disease this way was remote,but her promise calmed the mother and showed McHughs sonthat his bad behavior was being taken seriously.

该句是由but引导的并列句。前一分句的主干是She knew (that)...,宾语从句中的主干为thechance was remote,介词短语of... thisway做后置定语修饰主语chance;后一句的主句是her promise calmed the mother and showed McHughs sonthat...that引导的宾语从句做动词show的宾语,构成show sb. sth.的结构,sb.为间接宾语,sth.为直接宾语,这里的直接宾语为that从句。



第一段为第一部分,指出现象:受欺负的孩子的家长打电话投诉,希望对方家长能管教好自己的孩子,但对方家长不以为然。句子You must have the wrong number. My child is a little angel体现了欺负人的孩子的家长对此问题的态度。


第二段:引用了两类研究结果。一类研究结果表明:仗势欺人现象在增多而家长管教却在减少(bullying on the rise and parental supervision on the decline)。另一类研究结果表明:①家长的投诉电话毫无用处(more futile than ever);②这种电话常导致相互指责(leadto recriminations);③达不到教育孩子的目的(not teachour kids any lessons)。

第三段:引用心理学家Laura Kavesh的观点指出,一方面,受欺负的孩子的家长打电话的目的是希望对方家长帮助其孩子改掉坏毛病(extract the cruelty);另一方面,接到电话的家长却很少相信(blow away)自己的孩子会欺负别人。作者进而用警察局调查结果的数据(89% students engaged in bullying18% parents thought children bully)支持Laura的观点。


第四段:提出了第一种解决方法,即希望通过客观的局外人(objective outsider)来调解(mediate),而不是当事人双方直接联系。

第五段:提出了第二种解决方法,即家长学会耐心倾听(listen without getting defensive)。列举了“父母教导孩子组织”的创始人Laura McHugh处理问题的实例进而教育家长该怎么做:①认真倾听;②积极处理;③通过严肃处理事情借以教育孩子,这与第二段末句中“dont really teach our kids any lessons”对应起来了。




1. 事实细节题



3针对文中提出的解决方案,可以综合考查,参见考题4。此外,也可以采用判断正误的形式进行考查,如:以下哪一项是错误的?[A 想打电话的家长要克制自己的行为;[B 受欺负的孩子的家长应该直接联系当事人;[C 接听电话的家长需要耐心倾听;[D需通过客观的局外人来调解。(答案:[B])

4可以考查Laura McHugh的身份,如:[A 儿童心理学家;[B研究父母如何教育孩子的专家;[C 一个欺负人的孩子的母亲;[D 某个社区组织的创始人。(答案:[C])


2. 推理引申题

(1) 针对第一段末句You must have the wrong number. My child is a little angel考查接到电话的家长的态度。

(2) 可以考查第二段第一句的暗含信息,即,家长之间的投诉电话长久以来就存在,而且其内容没有改变。

(3) 针对两次调查结果的数据(89% of students and only 18% of parents5% parents),可以推理家长的态度。

3. 词义句意题

(1) bully一词在全文反复出现,可以就其语意进行考查。参见试题1

(2) 可以考查考生根据上下文推测第二段末句中playground recrimination的具体含义。

4. 作者写作目的题

可以考查末段中引用Laura McHugh的实例的目的。


1. 单词bullying可能的含义是________

A恐吓和伤害  B 取笑  C 表现得像暴君一样   D 嘲笑

[精解] 答案A本题考查根据上下文猜测词义。文章首段双方家长的对话中出现的“bullying my child”与“My child is alittle angel”相互对照,说明 bullying是坏孩子的行为。第三段中提到打电话的目的是“想让对方改掉他们孩子的残忍行为”,cruelty一词说明了bullying的特点。此外第五段给出了bullying的具体事例:把痰吐到另外一个孩子的饭里。因此可推知[A]项“恐吓伤害”为正确答案。[B]项虽然出现在第二段中,[D]项与其近义,但却都只是其中一种形式,不足以概括所有的行为。[C]项含义不正确。

2. 打电话给恃强欺弱者的父母________

A(这种做法)长期存在但内容有了改变 B经常是通过仔细考虑后才做

C常常导致责备和误解                 D 被用来警告这个孩子不要再做

[精解] 答案C本题考查事实细节。第一段提到,打电话给恃强欺弱者的父母的做法自有电话以来就长期存在了。第二段首句提到,这样的电话不计其数,但谈话内容却一样。由此排除[A]项。第二段第二句提到,冲动的父母抓起电话,大声抱怨。排除[B]项。第二段末句提到,这样的电话常常只导致责备;第四段第二句提到,专家指出它可能会被误解,使对方勃然大怒。由此可知[C]项正确。[D]项未提。

3. 根据美国的调查表明,______

A成人中的恃强欺弱现象也在增加      B 父母没有很好地看管他们的孩子

C父母很少相信恃强欺弱者             D 大部分父母打电话解决恃强欺弱问题

[精解] 答案B本题考查事实细节。第二段第三句提到,研究表明恃强欺弱现象增加,父母看管减少,因此[B]项正确,[A]项无从得知。第三段最后用数据说明,父母很少相信自己的孩子会恃强欺弱。[C]项换成了不相信恃强欺弱者本身,错误。第四段首句提到,研究表明5%的父母支持找家长解决恃强欺弱问题。[D]项错在most(大部分),与事实不符。

4. 当恃强欺弱问题发生时,父母应该_______

A帮助恃强欺弱的孩子改掉残忍的行为        B 求助调停者的帮助

C避免变得太过自我保护                     D 抵挡打电话的诱惑

[精解] 答案B本题考查作者观点。第三段首句提到,受欺负的孩子的家长打电话是希望对方家长能改正其孩子恃强欺弱的毛病。可见,[A]项并不是作者的观点。第五段首句提到,接到电话的家长不要自我保护。第六段提到,如果你想拨电话,一定要忍住诱惑。显然[C]和[D]项是分别针对“接到电话”和“打电话”的家长而言的。只有[B]项在第四段提到,是教育者对双方家长给出的建议,因此也是作者同意的观点。

5. 劳拉麦休许诺让受到欺负的孩子做疾病测试是因为_________

A她儿子承认他错了           B 她害怕惹怒男孩的家长

C他可能会被这些疾病感染      D 她想给儿子一个教训

[精解] 答案D本题考查第五段的细节。该段举例说明应如何正确对待一位愤怒的家长的电话。该段倒数第三句提到,麦休许诺让受欺负的孩子做疾病测试,不仅让其母亲平静下来,也让自己的儿子知道父母是非常严肃地对待他的恶劣行为。由此可知[D]项正确。