个人介绍
经济学原理 王新红
提供学校: 北京语言大学
院系: 国际商学院
专业大类: 理论经济学
专业: 西方经济学
学分: 2
课时: 6
教师团队

王新红 副教授

单位:北京语言大学

部门:国际商学院

Macroeconomics

Macroeconomics (from the Greek prefix makro- meaning "large" and economics) is a branch of economics dealing with the performance, structure, behavior, and decision-making of an economy as a whole, rather than individual markets. This includes national, regional, and global economies. With microeconomics, macroeconomics is one of the two most general fields in economics.


Macroeconomists study aggregated indicators such as GDP, unemployment rates, and price indices to understand how the whole economy functions. Macroeconomists develop models that explain the relationship between such factors as national income, output, consumption, unemployment, inflation, savings, investment, international trade and international finance. In contrast, microeconomics is primarily focused on the actions of individual agents, such as firms and consumers, and how their behavior determines prices and quantities in specific markets.

Microeconomics


Microeconomics (from Greek prefix mikro- meaning "small" and economics) is a branch of economics that studies the behavior of individuals and small impacting players in making decisions on the allocation of limited resources (see scarcity). Typically, it applies to markets where goods or services are bought and sold. 

Microeconomics examines how these decisions and behaviors affect the supply and demand for goods and services, which determines prices, and how prices, in turn, determine the quantity supplied and quantity demanded of goods and services.

This is in contrast to macroeconomics, which involves the "sum total of economic activity, dealing with the issues of growth, inflation, and unemployment."Microeconomics also deals with the effects of national economic policies (such as changing taxation levels) on the aforementioned aspects of the economy.

 

Particularly in the wake of the Lucas critique, much of modern macroeconomic theory has been built upon 'microfoundations'—i.e. based upon basic assumptions about micro-level behavior.

One of the goals of microeconomics is to analyze market mechanisms that establish relative prices amongst goods and services and allocation of limited resources amongst many alternative uses. Microeconomics analyzes market failure, where markets fail to produce efficient results, and describes the theoretical conditions needed for perfect competition. Significant fields of study in microeconomics include general equilibrium, markets under asymmetric information, choice under uncertainty and economic applications of game theory. Also considered is the elasticity of products within the market system.

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课程章节 | 文件类型   | 修改时间 | 大小 | 备注
1.1 Economics, Microeconomics, Macroeconomics
视频
.mp4
2014-09-11 538.45MB
1.2 Resources and Three Problems
视频
.mp4
2014-08-11 642.91MB
1.3 Scientific Method and Positive Normative Analysis
视频
.mp4
2014-09-09 460.00MB
1.4 The Market System
视频
.mp4
2014-08-11 427.73MB
1.5 Production Possibilities Frontiers
视频
.mp4
2014-08-11 531.18MB
1.6 Gains From Trade
视频
.mp4
2014-08-08 754.87MB
2.1 Demand
视频
.mp4
2014-09-01 122.83MB
2.2 Variables That Shift Demand
视频
.mp4
2014-09-01 115.75MB
2.3 Demand and Supply
视频
.mp4
2014-09-01 92.34MB
2.4 Market Equilibrium and Changes of Equilibrium
视频
.mp4
2014-09-01 135.52MB
2.5 Effect of Tax on Equilibrium
视频
.mp4
2014-09-01 117.31MB
2.6 Applications of Demand and Supply
视频
.mp4
2014-09-01 120.81MB
3.1 The Price Elasticity of Demand
视频
.mp4
2014-09-01 132.64MB
3.2 The Determinant of Price Elasticity of Demand
视频
.mp4
2014-09-01 87.03MB
3.3 Other Elasticities
视频
.mp4
2014-09-01 73.92MB
4.1 Consumer Preferences
视频
.mp4
2014-09-01 124.57MB
4.2 The Budget Line
视频
.mp4
2014-09-01 63.48MB
4.3 Consumer Choice
视频
.mp4
2014-09-01 70.45MB
4.4 Changes in Consumer Choice
视频
.mp4
2014-09-01 64.32MB
4.5 Income and Substitution Effect
视频
.mp4
2014-09-01 125.65MB
5.1 Production in the Short Run
视频
.mp4
2014-08-28 114.62MB
5.2 Cost in the Short Run
视频
.mp4
2014-09-02 132.41MB
5.3 Production in the Long Run
视频
.mp4
2014-09-02 109.85MB
5.4 Cost in the Long Run
视频
.mp4
2014-09-02 92.41MB
6.1 Perfectly Competitive Market
视频
.mp4
2014-09-04 111.06MB
6.2 The Shutdown Decision and the Short Run Supply Curve
视频
.mp4
2014-09-09 167.33MB
6.3 The Industry Long Run Supply Curve
视频
.mp4
2014-09-09 165.30MB
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