个人介绍
经济学(微观) 王新红
提供学校: 北京语言大学
院系: 国际商学院
专业大类: 理论经济学
专业: 西方经济学
学分: 2
课时: 6
课程介绍
教师团队

王新红 副教授

单位:北京语言大学

部门:国际商学院

Macroeconomics

Macroeconomics (from the Greek prefix makro- meaning "large" and economics) is a branch of economics dealing with the performance, structure, behavior, and decision-making of an economy as a whole, rather than individual markets. This includes national, regional, and global economies. With microeconomics, macroeconomics is one of the two most general fields in economics.


Macroeconomists study aggregated indicators such as GDP, unemployment rates, and price indices to understand how the whole economy functions. Macroeconomists develop models that explain the relationship between such factors as national income, output, consumption, unemployment, inflation, savings, investment, international trade and international finance. In contrast, microeconomics is primarily focused on the actions of individual agents, such as firms and consumers, and how their behavior determines prices and quantities in specific markets.

Microeconomics


Microeconomics (from Greek prefix mikro- meaning "small" and economics) is a branch of economics that studies the behavior of individuals and small impacting players in making decisions on the allocation of limited resources (see scarcity). Typically, it applies to markets where goods or services are bought and sold. 

Microeconomics examines how these decisions and behaviors affect the supply and demand for goods and services, which determines prices, and how prices, in turn, determine the quantity supplied and quantity demanded of goods and services.

This is in contrast to macroeconomics, which involves the "sum total of economic activity, dealing with the issues of growth, inflation, and unemployment."Microeconomics also deals with the effects of national economic policies (such as changing taxation levels) on the aforementioned aspects of the economy.

 

Particularly in the wake of the Lucas critique, much of modern macroeconomic theory has been built upon 'microfoundations'—i.e. based upon basic assumptions about micro-level behavior.

One of the goals of microeconomics is to analyze market mechanisms that establish relative prices amongst goods and services and allocation of limited resources amongst many alternative uses. Microeconomics analyzes market failure, where markets fail to produce efficient results, and describes the theoretical conditions needed for perfect competition. Significant fields of study in microeconomics include general equilibrium, markets under asymmetric information, choice under uncertainty and economic applications of game theory. Also considered is the elasticity of products within the market system.

推荐书籍



随身课堂

                                         

课程评价

教学资源
课程章节 | 文件类型   | 修改时间 | 大小 | 备注
1.1 Economics, Microeconomics, Macroeconomics
视频
.mp4
2015-11-09 538.45MB
1.2 Resources and Three Problems
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 642.91MB
1.3 Scientific Method and Positive Normative Analysis
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 460.00MB
1.4 The Market System
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 427.73MB
1.5 Production Possibilities Frontiers
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 531.18MB
2.1 Demand
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 122.83MB
2.2 Variables That Shift Demand
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 115.75MB
2.3 Demand and Supply
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 92.34MB
2.4 Market Equilibrium and Changes of Equilibrium
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 135.52MB
2.5 Effect of Tax on Equilibrium
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 117.31MB
2.6 Applications of Demand and Supply
视频
.mp4
2015-11-09 120.81MB
 
作业
.work
2015-11-09 0.00KB
3.1 Consumer Surplus and Producer Surplus
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 502.58MB
3.2 Price Ceiling
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 295.38MB
3.3 Price Floor
视频
.mp4
2015-11-09 254.95MB
3.4 Salea Tax
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 271.54MB
4.1 The Price Elasticity of Demand
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 132.64MB
 
作业
.work
2015-10-22 0.00KB
4.2 The Determinant of Price Elasticity of Demand
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 87.03MB
4.3 Other Elasticities
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 73.92MB
 
作业
.work
2015-10-22 0.00KB
5.1 Consumer Preferences
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 124.57MB
5.2 The Budget Line
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 63.48MB
5.3 Consumer Choice
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 70.45MB
5.4 Changes in Consumer Choice
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 64.32MB
5.5 Income and Substitution Effect
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 125.65MB
6.1 Production in the Short Run
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 114.62MB
6.2 Cost in the Short Run
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 132.41MB
6.3 Production in the Long Run
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 109.85MB
6.4 Cost in the Long Run
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 92.41MB
7.1 Perfectly Competitive Market
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 111.06MB
7.2 The Shutdown Decision and the Short Run Supply Curve
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 167.33MB
7.3 The Industry Long Run Supply Curve
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 165.30MB
8.1 Price and Output
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 415.39MB
8.2 Economic Efficiency
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 317.96MB
8.3 Price Discrimination
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 311.97MB
9.1 Prisoners' Dilemma
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 460.65MB
9.2 Sequential Games
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 289.24MB
10.1 Profit in the Short Run and Long Run
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 218.85MB
10.2 Comparing Pure Competition and Monopolistic Competition
视频
.mp4
2015-10-22 191.58MB
课程章节
提示框
提示框
确定要报名此课程吗?
确定取消